University of Arizona Students: “Greek Life” & Criminal Charges
Fraternities have made the news, in Arizona, and not lately in good ways. Rampant underage use of alcohol, dangerous and unlawful hazing, and absolute tragedies have garnered headlines, triggered arrests, and resulted in many fraternities being removed from campus, in some cases with particularly good reason.
What doesn’t make the headlines, though, are the myriad fraternity brothers and sorority sisters, and the gaggle of freshman pledges, who manage to get charged, sometimes multiple times in a year, with simple repetitive crimes, related to “the good times.” These crimes don’t make headlines but stay on their students’ records: Underage Drinking (“Minor in Possession of Alcohol”) ARS § 4-244; Possession of Marijuana (UPOM); Possession of False IDs; DUI.
This blog covers a few things you should know about life at the University of Arizona. I am an attorney who represents many university students.
First, it is important to remember that the University of Arizona is a public university, with a governmental police force that enforces a zero tolerance policy for drugs and underage alcohol consumption on campus. If your parents, for example, went to a private college back east, they might be surprised at how common it is for students to be cited or arrested and booked here in Tucson for precisely the behavior largely tolerated elsewhere, and in a different era. After all, you didn’t come to the University of Arizona to acquire a criminal record. Yet, given the zero tolerance policy and police practices, that often happens.
Although the prime locus of the 4th Amendment protections is supposedly “the home,” that does not seem to include the University dorms. Police calls to the dorms for “the odor of marijuana” is a common occurrence, as are police knocks and searches of dorm rooms.
In fact, a concentrated large dorm such as Coronado is statistically, per square foot, now a fairly highly concentrated crime area. We have seen many, many cases coming out of Coronado and other dorms.
The second thing that might surprise you is that here at the University of Arizona, the police will stop you when you are merely walking home to your dorm. They may frame it as a “check welfare” because they saw you “stumble” or “move lethargically,” but they will take the opportunity to charge you with underage drinking after checking your ID.
The simple police logic is that almost no one living in the dorms (other than the RA) is over twenty-one. So anyone stumbling home at midnight might well have consumed alcohol. The same is true for many people stumbling out of frat houses. In short, a late night walk on or near campus, particularly in the vicinity of the dorms or fraternity row, puts you, in my view, at special risk for getting stopped and questioned by the police.
Third, many people who are fraternity or sorority members have, one way or another, acquired fake IDs. This may seem like an innocuous offense (everybody has one), but the police again take it seriously, and take the opportunity to charge you with a separate crime. On multiple occasions, in fact, I’ve seen students lose wallets, only to have the police call and tell them they’ve recovered the wallet. When the student goes to the police station to retrieve the lost wallet, the police arrest the student for the fake ID they’ve found in the wallet.
Fourth, there are many fun student housing options around campus. Unfortunately, the most popular of them are, like the dorms, constantly getting visits from the police for “noise complaints.” The police use this as another opportunity to pull everyone out of the house and check IDs—a lot of marijuana, underage drinking, and fake ID cases start at those parties. The property leaseholder also gets a special fine and an 8½x11 police sticker affixed to a window, known as a “red tag.”
Finally, too many fraternity brothers and sorority sisters manage to get charged with DUI. In my experience this seems to happen most often at one o’clock in the morning when people are leaving 4th Avenue. Usually they are driving north or east, particularly east on 6th Street or north on 4th Avenue, Campbell or Broadway. These charges are particularly serious and involve mandatory jail time. In the age of Uber, a lot of this is, in my view, avoidable.
I hope this helps.
In Carpenter v. U.S, the Supreme Court held that police generally need a search warrant to request this historical Cellular Location Site.
While the Sixth Amendment gives us the right to a trial by jury when accused of a criminal offense, this right is not absolute.
It is a common misconception that a person accused of a crime automatically has a right to a court-appointed attorney at no cost.
In the current political climate, discretion is being taken away from individual officials and they are often asked to instead enforce hard & fast policies.
About Michael Harwin
Michael’s skill and experience have been recognized repeatedly. He holds an A-V 5/5 preeminent rating by Martindale Hubbell. He has been named one of the top lawyers in Arizona by Southwest Superlawyers, and one of the best lawyers in Tucson by Tucson Lifestyle Magazine. He also has been named one of the best lawyers in the United States by BestofUS.com , and given the highest rating possible by AVVO, 10/10 Superb.